Valérie A.M. Schoof

photo of professor Valerie SchoofPhD (Tulane University
Assistant Professor in the Bilingual Biology Program, Glendon College
Research areas: Primate behavioural ecology, socioendocinology, competition and cooperation, reproductive success, life-history trade-offs

Research Focus

My research program is aimed at testing the hypothesized trade-offs between growth/health and reproductive effort in an effort to answer how and why some males obtain and maintain high dominance status despite the potential costs. I use a multidisciplinary approach [e.g., behavioural ecology, endocrinology] to explore how individuals navigate the complexities of competition and cooperation associated with life in social groups. My recent research on white-faced capuchins in Costa Rica focused on the influence of dominance status on male co-resident relationships and endocrine response to female ovulation. My current and future research centres primarily on vervet monkeys at Lake Nabugabo in Uganda, where my long-term goal is to examine the hormonal and behavioural correlates influencing the emergence and maintenance of dominance in vervet monkeys. I also work in Kibale National Park, also in Uganda, where I examine the costs of group living in endangered red colobus, including the costs of dominance with respect to health [i.e., stress hormones, gastrointestinal parasites] in the context of male reproductive effort [i.e. testosterone].

Representative Publications:

L’Allier S, Schwegel MA, Filazzola A, Mastromonaco G, Chapman CA, Schoof VAM. In press. How individual, social, and ecological conditions influence dispersal decisions in male vervet monkeys. American Journal of Primatology. DOI:10.1002/ajp.23426

Schwegel MA, Filazzola A, Chapman CA, Schoof VAM. In press. Breeding seasonality in female vervet monkeys (Chlorocebus pygerythrus) living in an anthropogenic landscape. International Journal of Primatology. DOI: 10.1007/s10764-022-00313-y

Buckner JC, Jack KM, Melin AD, Schoof VAM, Gutiérrez-Espeleta GA, Guimarães Moreira Lima M, Lynch JW. 2021. First records of major histocompatibility complex class II DR and DQ evolution and variation in wild capuchin monkey species (Cebinae). PLoS ONE 16(8): e0254604.

Valenta K, Twinomugisha D, Godfrey K, Liu C, Schoof VAM, Goldberg TL, Chapman CA. 2017. Comparison of gastrointestinal parasite communities in vervet monkeys. Integrative Zoology 12:512-520. DOI: 10.1111/1749-4877.12270

Chapman CA, Corriveau A, Schoof VAM, Twinomugisha D, Valenta K. 2017. Long-term simian research sites: significance for theory and conservation. Journal of Mammology 98(3):652-660 DOI: 10.1093/jmammal/gyw157

Chapman CA, Friant S, Godfrey K, Liu C, Sarkar D, Schoof VAM, Sengupta R, Twinomugisha D, Valenta K, Goldberg TL. 2016. Social behaviours and networks of vervet monkeys are influenced by gastrointestinal parasites. PLOS ONE 11(8): e0161113. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0161113

Chapman CA, Schoof VAM, Bonnell TR, Gogarten JF, Calmé S. 2015. Competing pressures on populations: long-term dynamics of food availability, food quality, disease, stress, and animal abundance. Philosophical Transactions B 370(1669) 20140112; DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2014.0112

Schoof VAM, Jack KM, Ziegler TE. 2014. Male response to female ovulation in white-faced capuchins (Cebus capucinus): variation in testosterone, DHT, and glucocorticoid production. International Journal of Primatology. 35:643-660.

Schoof VAM, Jack KM. 2014. Male social bonds: Strength and quality among coresident white-faced capuchin monkeys (Cebus capucinus). Behaviour 151:963-992.

Schoof VAM, Wikberg EC, Jack KM, Fedigan LM, Ziegler TE, Kawamura S. 2014. Infanticides during periods of social stability: kinship, resumption of ovarian cycling, and mating access in white-faced capuchins (Cebus capucinus). Neotropical Primates 21: 192-196.

Jack KM, Schoof VAM, Sheller CR, Rich CI, Klingelhofer PP, Ziegler TE, Fedigan L. 2014. The influence of age and rank on fecal testosterone, DHT, and cortisol excretion in male white-faced capuchin monkeys (Cebus capucinus) in Santa Rosa National Park, Costa Rica. General and Comparative Endocrinology 195:58-67.