Research Areas: Foraging ecology, behavioural ecology, wildlife conservation
My research focuses on the foraging ecology and conservation of Arctic carnivores. By examining the trophic relationships between top predators and their prey, we can define the structure of food webs and monitor changes in ecosystems over time. By understanding where, when, and how predators hunt for food, we can better act to protect wildlife populations and entire ecosystems.
Much of my research has involved the use of fatty acid signature analysis to examine the diets of marine and terrestrial carnivores. This technique is based on the knowledge that ingested dietary fatty acids (such as “omega-3’s”) are predictably incorporated into a predator’s fat stores. Therefore, the fatty acid profile of an animal can be used to make inferences about its foraging habits.
Long-term climate warming is having rapid and widespread effects on northern ecosystems. This in turn is altering the relationships between northern aboriginal communities and the wildlife populations they utilize. Accurate information on the current structure and functioning of food webs will help us predict how wildlife populations will respond to ongoing environmental change in the North.
Galicia, M.P., G.W. Thiemann, and M.G. Dyck. 2019. Correlates of seasonal change in the body condition of an Arctic top predator. Global Change Biology https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.14817
Shave, J.R., A.E. Derocher, S.G. Cherry, and G.W. Thiemann. 2019. Chronic stress and body condition of wolf-killed prey in Prince Albert National Park, Saskatchewan. Conservation Physiology 7(1): coz037. https://doi.org/10.1093/conphys/coz037
Ferguson, S.H., D.J. Yurkowski, B.G. Young, C. Willing, X. Zhu, D.C.J. Muir, A.T. Fisk. G.W. Thiemann. 2019. Do intraspecific life history patterns follow interspecific predictions? A test using latitudinal variation in ringed seals. Population Ecology 61(4): 371-382. https://doi.org/10.1002/1438-390X.12008
Brown, T.A., M.P. Galicia, G.W. Thiemann, S.T. Belt, D.J. Yurkowski, M.G. Dyck. 2018. High contributions of sea ice derived carbon in polar bear (Ursus maritimus) tissue. PLoS ONE 13(1): e0191631. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0191631
Laforest, B.J., J. Hebert, M.E. Obbard, G.W. Thiemann. 2018. Traditional Ecological Knowledge of polar bears in the northern Eeyou Marine Region, Québec, Canada. Arctic 71: 40-58.
Ferguson, S., X. Zhu, B. Young, D. Yurkowski, G.W. Thiemann, A. Fisk, D. Muir. 2018. Geographic variation in ringed seal growth rate and body size. Canadian Journal of Zoology: 96: 649–659. doi: 10.1139/cjz-2017-0213
Sciullo, L., G.W. Thiemann, N.J. Lunn, S.H. Ferguson. 2017. Intraspecific and temporal variability in the diet composition of female polar bears in a seasonal sea ice regime. Arctic Science 3: 672–688. doi: 10.1139/as-2017-0004.
Bromaghin, J.F., S.M. Budge, G.W. Thiemann and K.D. Rode. 2017. Simultaneous estimation of diet composition and calibration coefficients with fatty acid signature data. Ecology and Evolution 7: 6103-6113. doi: 10.1002/ece3.3179.
Pagano, A.M., K.D. Rode, A. Cutting, M.A. Owen, S. Jensen, J.V. Ware, C.T. Robbins, G.M. Durner, T.C. Atwood, M.E. Obbard, K.R. Middel, G.W. Thiemann, and T.M. Williams. 2017. Using tri-axial accelerometers to identify wild polar bear behaviors. Endangered Species Research 32: 19-33.
Tartu, S., S. Bourgeon, J. Aars, M. Andersen, A. Polder, G.W. Thiemann, J. Welker, and H. Routti. 2017. Sea ice-associated decline in body condition leads to increased concentrations of lipophilic pollutants in polar bears (Ursus maritimus) from Svalbard, Norway. Science of the Total Environment 576: 409-419. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.10.132.
Regehr, E.V., K.L. Laidre, H. Resit Akçakaya, S.C. Amstrup, T.C. Atwood, N.J. Lunn, M. Obbard, H. Stern, G.W. Thiemann, and Ø. Wiig. 2016. Conservation status of polar bears (Ursus maritimus) in relation to projected sea-ice declines. Biology Letters 12: 20160556. doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2016.0556
Bromaghin, J.F., S.M. Budge, G.W. Thiemann and K.D. Rode. 2015. Assessing the robustness of quantitative fatty acid signature analysis to assumption violations. Methods in Ecology and Evolution. Early view. doi: 10.1111/2041-210X.12456
Galicia, M.P., G.W. Thiemann, M.G. Dyck, and S.H. Ferguson. 2015. Characterization of polar bear (Ursus maritimus) diets in the Canadian High Arctic. Polar Biology. Online Early. doi: 10.1007/s00300-015-1757-1.
Marcoux, M., V. Lesage, G.W. Thiemann, S.J. Iverson and S.H. Ferguson. 2015. Age estimation of belugas Delphinapterus leucas using fatty acid composition: a promising method. Marine Mammal Science 31: 944-962
Duerksen, S.W., G.W. Thiemann, S.M. Budge, M. Poulin, A. Niemi, C. Michel. 2014. Large, omega-3 rich, pelagic diatoms under Arctic sea ice: sources and implications for food webs. PLoS ONE 9(12): e114070.
Rode, K.D., E.V. Regehr, D. Douglas, G. Durner, A.E. Derocher, G.W. Thiemann, S. Budge. 2014. Variation in the response of an Arctic top predator experiencing habitat loss: nutritional and reproductive ecology of two polar bear populations. Global Change Biology 20: 76-88.
Derocher, A.E., J. Aars, S.C. Amstrup, A. Cutting, N.J. Lunn, P.K. Molnár, M.E. Obbard, I. Stirling, G.W. Thiemann, D. Vongraven, Ø. Wiig, and G. York. 2013. Rapid ecosystem change and polar bear conservation. Conservation Letters 6: 368-375.
Thiemann, G.W., A.E. Derocher, S.G. Cherry, N.J. Lunn, E. Peacock, and V. Sahanatien. 2013. Effects of chemical immobilization on the movement rates of free-ranging polar bears. Journal of Mammalogy 94: 386-397.
Cherry, S.G., A.E. Derocher, G.W. Thiemann, and N.J. Lunn. 2013. Migration phenology and seasonal fidelity of an Arctic marine predator in relation to sea ice dynamics. Journal of Animal Ecology 82: 912-921.
Thiemann, G.W., S.J. Iverson, I. Stirling, and M.E. Obbard. 2011. Individual patterns of prey selection and dietary specialization in an Arctic marine carnivore. Oikos 120: 1469-1478.
Molnár, P.K., A.E. Derocher, G.W. Thiemann, and M.A. Lewis. 2010. Predicting survival, reproduction and abundance of polar bears under climate change. Biological Conservation 143: 1612-1622.