Valérie A.M. Schoof

photo of professor Valerie SchoofPhD (Tulane University
Assistant Professor in the Bilingual Biology Program, Glendon College
Research areas: Primate behavioural ecology, socioendocinology, competition and cooperation, reproductive success, life-history trade-offs

Research Focus

My research program is aimed at testing the hypothesized trade-offs between growth/health and reproductive effort in an effort to answer how and why some males obtain and maintain high dominance status despite the potential costs. I use a multidisciplinary approach [e.g., behavioural ecology, endocrinology] to explore how individuals navigate the complexities of competition and cooperation associated with life in social groups. My recent research on white-faced capuchins in Costa Rica focused on the influence of dominance status on male co-resident relationships and endocrine response to female ovulation. My current and future research centres primarily on vervet monkeys at Lake Nabugabo in Uganda, where my long-term goal is to examine the hormonal and behavioural correlates influencing the emergence and maintenance of dominance in vervet monkeys. I also work in Kibale National Park, also in Uganda, where I examine the costs of group living in endangered red colobus, including the costs of dominance with respect to health [i.e., stress hormones, gastrointestinal parasites] in the context of male reproductive effort [i.e. testosterone].

Representative Publications:

Schoof VAM, Bonnell TR, Jack KM, Ziegler TE, Melin AD, Fedigan LM. In press. Male endocrine response to environmental seasonal variation in a Neotropical primate, Cebus capucinus. American Journal of Physical Anthropology DOI: 10.1002/ajpa.22925.

Chapman CA, Schoof VAM, Bonnell TR, Gogarten JF, Calmé S. 2015. Competing pressures on populations: long-term dynamics of food availability, food quality, disease, stress, and animal abundance. Philosophical Transactions B 370(1669) 20140112; DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2014.0112.

Schoof VAM, Jack KM, Ziegler TE. 2014. Male response to female ovulation in white-faced capuchins (Cebus capucinus): variation in testosterone, DHT, and glucocorticoid production. International Journal of Primatology. 35:643-660.

Schoof VAM, Jack KM. 2014. Male social bonds: Strength and quality among coresident white-faced capuchin monkeys (Cebus capucinus). Behaviour 151:963-992.

Jack KM, Schoof VAM, Sheller CR, Rich CI, Klingelhofer PP, Ziegler TE, Fedigan L. 2014. The influence of age and rank on fecal testosterone, DHT, and cortisol excretion in male white-faced capuchin monkeys (Cebus capucinus) in Santa Rosa National Park, Costa Rica. General and Comparative Endocrinology 195:58-67.